A BENCHMARK DATASET FOR INDIVIDUAL TREE CROWN DELINEATION IN CO-REGISTERED AIRBORNE RGB, LIDAR AND HYPERSPECTRAL IMAGERY FROM THE NATIONAL ECOLOGICAL OBSERVATION NETWORK

Abstract:

Broad scale remote sensing promises to build forest inventories at unprecedented scales. A crucial step in this process is designing individual tree segmentation algorithms to associate pixels into delineated tree crowns. While dozens of tree delineation algorithms have been proposed, their performance is typically not compared based on standard data or evaluation metrics, making it difficult to understand which algorithms perform best under what circumstances. There is a need for an open evaluation benchmark to minimize differences in reported results due to data quality, forest type and evaluation metrics, and to support evaluation of algorithms across a broad range of forest types. Combining RGB, LiDAR and hyperspectral sensor data from the National Ecological Observatory Network Airborne Observation Platform with multiple types of evaluation data, we created a novel benchmark dataset to assess individual tree delineation methods. This benchmark dataset includes an R package to standardize evaluation metrics and simplify comparisons between methods. The benchmark dataset contains over 6,000 image-annotated crowns, 424 field-annotated crowns, and 3,777 overstory stem points from a wide range of forest types. In addition, we include over 10,000 training crowns for optional use. We discuss the different evaluation sources and assess the accuracy of the image-annotated crowns by comparing annotations among multiple annotators as well as to overlapping field-annotated crowns. We provide an example submission and score for an open-source baseline for future methods.

Links:

Citation:

B. Weinstein, S. Graves, S. Marconi, A. Singh, A. Zare, D. Stewart, S. Bohlman and E. P. White, "A benchmark dataset for individual tree crown delineation in co-registered airborne RGB, LiDAR and hyperspectral imagery from the National Ecological Observation Network." Under Review.
@Article{Weinstein2020BenchmarkDataset,
Title = {A benchmark dataset for individual tree crown delineation in co-registered airborne RGB, LiDAR and hyperspectral imagery from the National Ecological Observation Network}, 
Author = {Ben Weinstein and Sarah Graves and Sergio Marconi and Aditya Singh and Alina Zare and Dylan Stewart and Stephanie Bohlman and Ethan P. White},  
Journal = {}, 
Volume = {},  
Year = {Under Review},  
}